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Ageing disrupts reinforcement learning whilst learning to help others is preserved

Reinforcement learning is a fundamental mechanism displayed by many species from mice to humans. However, adaptive behaviour depends not only on learning associations between actions and outcomes that affect ourselves, but critically, also outcomes …

Selective effects of serotonin on choices to gather more information

Background:Gathering and evaluating information leads to better decisions, but often at cost. The balance between information seeking and exploitation features in neurodevelopmental, mood, psychotic and substance-related disorders. Serotonin?s role …

A feature-based network analysis and fMRI meta-analysis of the task structure underlying prosocial decision-making reveal three distinct clusters: cooperation, equity, and altruism

textlessh3textgreaterAbstracttextless/h3textgreater textlessptextgreaterTasks that measure correlates of prosocial decision-making share one common feature: agents can make choices that increase the welfare of a beneficiary. However, prosocial …

Resilience during uncertainty? Greater social connectedness during COVID‐19 lockdown is associated with reduced distress and fatigue

National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic: Results from 67 nations

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is a devastating global health crisis. Without a vaccine or effective medication, the best hope for mitigating virus transmission is collective behavior change and support for public health interventions (e.g., physical …

A comparative fMRI meta-analysis of altruistic and strategic decisions to give

The decision to share resources is fundamental for cohesive societies. Humans can be motivated to give for many reasons. Some generosity incurs a definite cost, with no extrinsic reward to the act, but instead provides intrinsic satisfaction …

Adjusting for Variable Brain Coverage in Voxel-Based fMRI Meta-Analysis

textlessptextgreaterMeta-analyses of fMRI studies are vital to establish consistent findings across the literature. However, fMRI data are susceptible to signal dropout (i.e. incomplete brain coverage), which varies across studies and brain regions. …